Maximizing Adoption Tax Credit: A Comprehensive Guide

tax credit adoption


Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Key Takeaways

  • Parents should fully adopt a child – which means that the adoption status should be final.
  • The maximum Adoption Credit of up to $15,950 per adopted child and the modified adjusted gross income limits for full credit eligibility in 2023.
  • For 2023, the adoption tax credit is fully available in the amount of $15,950 if your modified adjusted gross income is equal to or less than $239,230. If your modified adjusted gross income is more than $239,230 but less than $279,230, you will receive a reduced tax credit.
  • Adopted children with special needs can generally claim the full credit in the year of finalization without basing it on expenses.

Understanding Adoption Tax Credit

Adoption can be a costly process, but the federal government offers tax relief to offset some of the expenses through the adoption tax credit. This tax credit is designed to alleviate the financial burden of adoption and make it more accessible to prospective adoptive parents. Here’s what you need to know about adoption tax credit to understand how it works and how to qualify for it.

What is Adoption Tax Credit?

Adoption tax credit is a non-refundable tax credit that allows adoptive parents to claim eligible adoption expenses on their federal income tax returns. It helps offset the costs associated with adopting a child, such as adoption fees, court costs, home study fees, and travel expenses.

how to maximize adoption tax credit

Eligibility Criteria for Adoption Tax Credit

To claim the adoption tax credit, you must meet certain eligibility criteria. The credit is available to taxpayers who have adopted a child under the age of 18 or a child with special needs. Additionally, the credit is available for domestic, international, and foster care adoptions – see IRS adoption credit.

Adoption Expenses That Qualify for Tax Credit

The adoption tax credit covers a wide range of qualified adoption expenses, including adoption fees, court costs, attorney fees, travel expenses, and other expenses directly related to the adoption process. However, expenses related to surrogacy or adoption of a spouse’s child do not qualify for the tax credit.

Qualified adoption expenses paid prior to the year the adoption is finalized can be claimed as a credit in the tax year after the payment year. You can claim both the exclusion and the credit for expenses of adopting an eligible child.

People also read: Loan to Shareholder on Balance Sheet: How It Works

federal adoption tax credit

Situations when Claiming The Credit

  • Claiming an adoption tax credit will never be difficult when you know the rules. There are three specific cases to consider when assessing which is suitable for your situation:
  • For those who adopt a child with special needs and do not base the request on expenses, you can claim the credit in the year of finalization.
  • Parents who adopt internationally must wait until the year of finalization to claim the credit.
  • Qualified adoption expenses paid before the year the adoption becomes final are allowable as a credit for the tax year following the year of payment.

For example, Mr. Joe began adopting a U.S. child in 2020 and spent $5,000 that year on adoption expenses. In 2021 he had to pay another $6,000; in 2022, he spent $3,000 before the adoption was finalized. No cost was allowable in 2020; $5000 (from 2020) is acceptable in 2021; and $9000 ($6000+$3,000) in 2022 since it’s a finalized year.

Frequently Asked Questions:

What is the difference between a tax credit and a tax deduction?

A tax credit is generally preferable to a tax deduction because a credit is directly subtracted from the tax you owe, while a deduction only reduces the amount of taxable income.

What paperwork from my adoption is needed when I file for the tax credit?

  • All Adoptions: Final Judgment of Adoption
  • Adoptions from Foster Care: Subsidy Agreement declaring the child to have special needs according to the criteria of their state
  • Domestic and Intercountry Adoptions: Home study, receipt of all qualifying expenses

Does the adoption tax credit just reduce my federal tax liability, or does it also reduce my state tax liability?

This information focuses on federal tax benefits. Many states do have an adoption tax benefit in addition to the federal tax credit. These state benefits can be claimed when filing state tax returns.

>>People also read:

What is the income eligibility criteria for the adoption tax credit?

In 2023, families with a modified adjusted gross income below $239,230 can claim full credit. Those with incomes from $239,230 to $279,230 can claim partial credit, and those with incomes above $279,230 cannot claim the credit.

Contact our experts today and begin the journey with your new family!



Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may also like.

Tik Tok Feeds

Do you wish to continue with the call?

Please provide your phone number and we will contact you within 2 hours

You have successfully submitted your phone number

Be 85% more effective!

Take care of your business’s finances

  anywhere    anytime

with XOA TAX's bookkeepers.

Please provide your phone number and we will contact you within 2 hours

You have successfully submitted your phone number